Iot Incubator


Items used in this project

Hardware components

Gravity: I2C LCD1602 Arduino LCD Display Module (Blue)
DHT11 Basic Temp Humidity Sensor
10A-250VAC, 10A-30VDC, Power Relay Gadgeteer module
40 Pin Male Headers 10 pcs
USB Type A Female Breakout Board
Mini ultrasonic humidifier
E27 25w ligth bulb
Lamp power cord cable
AVR-IOT WG Evaluation Board
500 mAh LiPo battery
USB A/Micro Cable - 2m
5V 1A USB Port Power Supply

Software apps and online services

Atmel Studio 7.0
Tera Term

Hand tools and fabrication machines

Soldering Iron
Soldering tin
Screwdrivers, thermoretractable gaine, pliers, scissors...


The argument that I have decided to use when i applied to this contest was "Industrial IoT Terminal for monitoring/ control based on decisions taken in the cloud". And to keep loyal to my idea I will elaborate a project that will show all the capabilities (or at least the most important) of the AVR IoT WG development board.

While I was thinking what to do as a project I'd been testing the development board finding out that the temperature sensor works good but, in some conditions, the temperature sensor included in the board could be influenced by the heat generated by rest of components (mainly the WifFi) in the board. Also to measure the temperature in hard environments (very hot or very humid) could be harmful for our development board.

Once started gathering all the electronics components that I used for another projects,I decided to use for this project the next main hardware to enhance the capabilities of the AVR IoT WG developent board:

- AVR IoT WG development board

- 2 Relays board.

- 1 DHT11 humidity and temperature sensor.

- I2C 16x2 Liquid Cristal Display

- 1 500mA LiPo battery

Having this hardware related with environment measurements I have decided to make a environment controller device, an incubator!

There is not a new stuff, you can find it everywhere, specially in industrial environments, such a farms, laboratories or hospitals, but we have got a great opportunity to make it IoT!

You can see the general connection diagram below.

Mohamed Lanjri El Halimi story image 1553953412143442

As you can see in the diagram above one 5V power supply will feed  a permanent 5V USB fan, the humidifier and the relays . That's because we want to isolate the AVR IoT development board from the relays in order to avoid noise because of the switching. Also to make the board could run under batery we need to reduce power consumption.

Relay 1 will be connected to CS ping in the board, Relay 2 to the RST pin and the DHT11 sensor to the RX pin.

In order to make all this connections I will use a bread board and to connect the AVR IoT WG development board to the breadboard I've soldered male pin headers to the mikroBUS socket. It looks like that. Please note also that there is a short soldered in the R204 resistor, this is made to bring to the breadboard 5 Volts from the AVR IoT WG development board.

Mohamed Lanjri El Halimi story image 1553953692953198

In order to start doing the AVR IoT WG development board programming and tests I've connected just the basic stuff, the LCD, the DHT11 humidity and temperature sensor and the relays, (on the last stage I will mount the rest stuff in the incubator box) see the image below.

Mohamed Lanjri El Halimi story image 1553954246278117

To program the board open Atmel Studio and open Atmel Start Example project.

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On the browser, search filter write AVR IoT and select AVR IoT Node.

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In the dash board select WiFi middelware.

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And set up your default WiFi credentials.

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On the left side, click on the PINMUX button (the chip icon under the dashboard button). And configure the RX, CX and RST pins as pefipheral IO RX pin, and as digital output CX and RST. 

Mohamed Lanjri El Halimi story image 1553955649135344

 Please be aware to use the same names if you are going to use the code that I've uploaded to GitHub.

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Take a good cardboard box.

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Shells the interior with aluminum, it will isolate the cardboard from the humidity, you can also build the incubator with another materials, for example using a plastic box.

Mohamed Lanjri El Halimi story image 1553956667249920

On this case I'm using a 75W light bulb as a heater element, and a 5V USB fan it will be enough for that size of incubator, don't forget to make enough holes to let fresh air get it to avoid the CO2 levels increase.Mohamed Lanjri El Halimi story image 1553956724705795

I'm using a mini ultrasonic humidifier to set up the humidity, it works incredibly good.

Mohamed Lanjri El Halimi story image 1553956776714259

Once we have set in place the sensor, heating element, the fan and the humidifier we can make the connections and finish building the incubator. And this is final result.

Mohamed Lanjri El Halimi story image 1553957271026060

Schematics and circuit diagrams

General connection diagram


IoT Incubator

This repository contains the next files: LICENSE dht11.c dht11.h display_all_data.c display_all_data.h i2c_lcd.c i2c_lcd.h main.c Create a project using Atmel Studio and Atmel Sart Example project, then add this files in github.